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A Complete Overview of Lung Transplantation in India By Dr Gokhale.

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Lungs form the integral part of the human body respiratory system that are located on either sides of the chest region refereed as thorax. They are in a pair with spongy texture on outer side and air-filled internally. The function of lungs is to transport oxygen from the air into the bloodstream, and to release carbon dioxide from the bloodstream into the air.

There are many diseases associated with respiratory system like inflammatory lung disease, restrictive lung diseases, respiratory tract infections (upper respiratory tract infection, lower respiratory tract infection), malignant tumors, benign tumors, pleural cavity diseases, pulmonary vascular disease, and neonatal diseases.

Normally when a patient is failing to respond to the treatment for any of advanced lung diseases, lung transplantation surgery is performed to the diseased patient. Lung transplant is a surgical procedure where a diseased lung is replaced with a healthy human lung that is obtained from a donor who is declared brain dead, in some cases some parts of lungs can be even obtained from a living donor. Lung transplantation is process where lungs are replaced either partially or totally depending upon the condition of the patient. Though there are risks involved, the life expectancy of the patient who has undergone lung transplantation is increased by two to three years and will definitely enhance the quality of life for the end stage respiratory patients.

Conditions to Undergo Lung Transplantation

Cystic fibrosis: This is a condition where the patients suffer from the clogging effect of thick sticky mucus formation between lungs and digestive system.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD): This is a condition that can result from numerous diseases that apparently damage the lungs. One of the main reasons is excessive smoking.

Pulmonary Hypertension: This is condition where patient has high blood pressure inside the blood vessels that carry blood from the heart to the lungs.

Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis: This is a condition where the patient's lungs have scarring.

Lung Transplant Surgery Procedure

In this Lung Transplantation Surgery Video in English Version, Dr Gokhale, one of the Best Lung Transplant Surgeon in Hyderabad explains about the lung transplantation surgery in patients, Lungs Transplantation Procedure, and the need for the organ donations that saves lives of many needy people.

Types of Lung Transplantation

Single Lung Transplant - Single Lung Transplant is a procedure when a single damaged lung is replaced with a healthy lung from a donor. These kinds of treatments are often used for patients with pulmonary fibrosis and cannot be suitable for people suffering with cystic fibrosis as in Cystic Fibrosis, there is possibility of infection spreading from the remaining lung to the donated lung.

Double Lung Transplant - Double Lung Transplant is a surgical procedure where two diseased lungs are removed and replaced with the healthy donated lungs. This kind of treatment is suitable for patients suffering from cystic fibrosis. It is usually a treatment COPD, recommended for people with severe pulmonary hypertension.

Lung Transplantation Surgery in India

K. M. CherianIn 1999, Dr K M Cherian, performed first lung transplant in India in the year 1999 at Madras Medical Mission. He has performed eight transplants including three heart-and-lung transplants. He expressed lung transplant surgery long-term success was still difficult as the survival was about five year though in US and getting a donor is difficult as the donor has to meet the requirements like matching blood group, size of lung, be a non-smoker and should not have been on ventilator for more than 24 hours.

 

Dr Jnanesh ThackerDr Jnanesh Thacker, Heart & Lung Transplant Specialist in Hinduja Hospital has performed successful first lung transplant on Indian Women in 2012. Mumbai woman is India's 1st to get lung transplant, Jayashree Mehta's was suffering from lungs disease due to which she always needed nine litre of external oxygen supply in day where-ever she moved. She is the first Indian to have got a lung transplant done in the India but the surgery was not without risks.

Lung Transplant Surgery in South India:

Dr. Madhu Sankar, Cardiothoracic Surgeon did the first lung transplantation in India at Global Hospitals, Chennai.

Dr. Govini Balasubramani, Senior Consultant Cardiothoracic Surgeon, Global Hospital, Chennai is one of leading heart & lung surgeon and is recognized for his expertise in the field of cardiothoracic surgery.

Lung Transplant Surgery in Andhra Pradesh:

Dr. Alla Gopala Krishna Gokhale, Chief Cardiothoracic, Transplant and Minimal Access Cardiac Surgeon at Apollo Hospitals, Jubilee Hills did the first successful Lung Transplant Surgery and 1st successful Heart Transplantation Surgery to patients in the states of Telangana & Andhra Pradesh. He is one of the best lung transplant surgeon in India who performed first successful lung transplantation surgery in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh. He has one of the largest experiences in Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery in India. So far he did more than 10,000 Open Heart Surgeries - adult as well as pediatric.

Dr. A.G.K.Gokhale
Chief Cardiothoracic, Transplant
and Minimal Access Surgeon

Lung Transplant Surgery in Telangana

Dr Gokhale and his team did 3 single lung transplants so far. They did the first successful lung transplant in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana on 8th of September, 2012 on a 34 year old lady from Pune, Maharashtra. She was bedridden depending on oxygen at rest. She was investigated and kept ready for transplant. On the night of 8th of September, 2012, a donor with blood group compatibility became available and Ms Archana underwent right Lung Transplant successfully. So far in India nearly 200 Heart Transplants and about 20 Lung Transplants are done.